How To Make a Colorado Mechanic's Lien Form?

Updated October 11, 2023
11 min read
How To Make a Colorado Mechanic's Lien Form?


Grasping the intricacies of a Colorado mechanic's lien can be overwhelming, but it's an essential part of the construction industry in Colorado. In this blog article, we aim to bring you a clear, easy-to-understand guide on how to make a mechanic's lien form and explain the process and importance of this legal tool.

Brief Overview of the Mechanic's Lien Form

Understanding the Colorado mechanic's lien form is pivotal to a smooth operation in the construction world. Essentially, it's a legal claim against the improved property, allowing the lien holder to recoup the debt owed for labor or materials supplied during a construction project.

This form is used in tandem with the Colorado mechanic's lien statute, which defines the rights and obligations of both contractors and property owners. For a mechanic's lien form in Colorado to be valid, it must contain accurate and detailed information about the lien claimant, the property owner, a description of the labor or services provided, the amount owed, and a sufficient property description.

Crafting a legitimate Colorado mechanic's lien requires precise attention to detail and adherence to Colorado's state-specific lien laws and deadlines. Hence, it's crucial to seek legal expertise or rely on dependable legal resources, like Lawrina's templates, for flawless execution.

Who Uses the Colorado Mechanic's Lien?

Whether you're a roofer, plumber, electrician, or landscaper — if you've contributed work or materials to a building project in Colorado, then the Colorado mechanic’s lien could be your new best friend. From subcontractors to material providers, various parties use the mechanic's lien to protect their rights in the event of non-payment.

Requirements for the Colorado Mechanic's Lien

There are several prerequisites you need to meet before you can enforce a Colorado mechanic's lien. Firstly, you must have provided labor or materials for the construction or improvement of a property in Colorado. This includes any profession, from general contractors subcontractors, to material suppliers. Note that architects, engineers, surveyors, and the like can also claim mechanic's lien rights in Colorado if their work is incorporated into the project.

The Colorado mechanic’s lien statute stipulates a few critical deadlines that parties interested should be mindful of:

  1. Preliminary notice: A notice of intent to lien must be served to the property owner within ten days after the beginning of work or supply of materials.

  2. Notice of lien: This should be filed within four months (in the case of general contractors) or two months (for subcontractors and suppliers) after the last day of supplying labor or materials.

Moreover, to validate the mechanic’s lien Colorado, the construction or improvement must involve detached residential dwellings of up to four units or a commercial property. Also, the claimant must have a valid lien waiver from the property owner, which states that they waive their right to contest the lien.

Failure to adhere to these conditions might render your Colorado mechanic’s lien null and void, depriving you of legal protection against non-payment. As these conditions can be complex for some, it’s often a good idea to seek legal advice from a qualified business lawyer to ensure your lien is enforceable.

Importance of the preliminary notice

Preliminary notice is a fundamental cog in the Colorado mechanic's lien process. As per Colorado law, it's mandatory to serve this notice to the property owner within ten days of beginning work or supplying materials on a project. This serves as a formal declaration of your intent to file a mechanic's lien if unpaid for your services.

Not only does it help to preserve your lien rights, but it also adds a layer of transparency in your business transactions, informing all parties involved about your rightful claim to payment. The failure to properly serve this notice can lead to the invalidation of the lien, emphasizing the importance of this step in the Colorado mechanic's lien process.

How To Make the Mechanic's Lien?

Creating a Colorado mechanic's lien form is comparable to assembling a model plane; several steps and components are required to make sure it "flies." The first step commences with a detailed fill-out of the necessary mechanic's lien form with your lien claim. The form should feature details about the parties involved, the unpaid amount, and a correct description of the subject property.

Diligently adhering to these steps will guide you in making an enforceable Colorado mechanic's lien:

  • Give the required information on the form and complete it accurately.

  • Sign and date the form. A notary public must acknowledge the lien form.

  • Make enough copies. You’ll need additional copies for your records and to serve on other parties involved.

  • Record the lien. Take your completed lien to the county recorder or clerk's office in the county where the property is located. They will record the document and return a stamped copy to you.

Once you have drafted and recorded the Colorado mechanic’s lien, you have just one final step left: serve the recorded lien to the property owner. Under Colorado mechanic's lien statute, you must perform this within ten days of recording the lien. Remember, the property owner must be adequately informed about the lien against their property.

Achieving an enforceable mechanic’s lien Colorado demands precision and keen attention to detail. A reliable legaltech ecosystem, Lawrina can increase your comfort and confidence in the process.

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Benefits of the Colorado Mechanic's Lien

Carving out a secure spot in the Colorado construction industry would be a daunting task without the Colorado mechanic's lien on your side. Essentially serving as protective armor, a mechanic's lien ensures you don't miss out on payment for your hard work, regardless of any financial hardship faced by the property owner.

By filing a Colorado mechanic's lien, you're given a security interest in the property equal to the unpaid amount. This places you on an even keel with other creditors, ensuring they cannot simply claim the assets owed to you. 

For example, under U.S. law, the Federal Tax Lien Act of 1966 establishes that mechanic's liens have preference over federal tax liens. This means if a business is going bankrupt and owes the IRS, your Colorado mechanic's lien could take precedence over a federal tax lien, securing your right to be paid for the labor you've put into the property. 

In the unlikely event of non-payment, the mechanic’s lien Colorado law then grants you the right to foreclose on the property, reclaiming your due payment via the property sale.


The process of understanding and utilizing the Colorado mechanic's lien can be complex, consisting of strict deadlines, specific legal requirements, and meticulous document preparation. But, with adequate knowledge and the right approach, this instrument becomes an essential tool in securing your rights as a contractor, subcontractor, or supplier in Colorado.

Importantly, mastering the Colorado mechanic's lien process isn't solely about understanding your rights within the confines of the mechanic’s lien statute. It involves learning how to apply these rules correctly and preparing and filing the mechanic’s lien form with precision. By doing so, you have the assurance that you will be paid for your hard-earned labor and materials, thereby ensuring your financial protection and providing you peace of mind.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the deadline for filing a mechanic’s lien in Colorado?

The timeline to file a Colorado mechanic's lien depends on your role in the project. If you're a general contractor, you have up to four months from the last day of work supplied on the job to file your mechanic's lien. This implies that the clock starts ticking from the last day you performed work or provided materials on the project.


On the other hand, subcontractors and suppliers have a shorter timeline. They only have two months from the last day of their contribution to a project to file a Colorado mechanic's lien. Just remember that having filed a previously required preliminary notice of intent to lien does not extend this filing deadline.


Can I file a mechanic’s lien for labor only?

Yes, absolutely. You can file a Colorado mechanic’s lien even if labor is the only contribution you've made to the project. This includes any type of work, physical or otherwise, that adds value to the property. Essentially, it's crucial to understand that a mechanic's lien doesn't merely cover physical materials but labor and professional services as well.


To demonstrate: If you're a subcontractor or a laborer who has not been paid for your work on a property, even in the absence of supplying materials, the mechanic’s lien law in Colorado allows you to secure a Colorado mechanic's lien. This advocates for your right to be paid for the effort you've put into your work.


How do I enforce a Colorado mechanic's lien?

Enforcing a Colorado mechanic's lien generally involves initiating foreclosure proceedings against the property. Essentially, this means you're seeking a court order to sell the property so you can recover the amount you're owed. It's crucial to understand that foreclosing a lien isn't a step to be taken lightly, primarily because it involves intricate legal proceedings.


Furthermore, the foreclosure process must be initiated within six months after the completion of the project or the last labor or materials provided. This statute of limitations is strict, and if you miss this deadline, your Colorado mechanic's lien will be deemed unenforceable.